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Siberut

Siberut

Siberut Siberut is the largest in the chain of four Mentawai Islands situated off the west coast of Sumatra. It has been isolated from the Sumatra mainland and the Sunda Shelf for at least 500,000 years, resulting in an exceptionally high degree of endemism, 15% of the animals, of which 65% of the mammals are thought to be endemic. The island is home to five types of forest ecosystems: lowland dipterocarp rain forest is the principal ecosystem, mixed primary forest, swamp forests, coastal forests and mangroves.

Declaration Date: 1981

Country: Indonesia

Surface Area: 403,000 ha

Resident population: 37,506 inhabitants

Contact: Toto Indraswanto    indraswanto@yahoo.com

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World Network of Island and Coastal Biosphere Reserves The World Network of Island and Coastal Biosphere Reserves was launched in 2009 by UNESCO MAB Programme to foster sustainable development in islands and coastal areas and to promote adaptation and mitigation strategies on climate change. ABOUT
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