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Socotra Archipelago

Socotra Archipelago

Socotra The Socotra Archipelago is located off the Horn of Africa, at the crossroads between the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean. The biosphere reserve encompasses the entire archipelago and the adjacent marine area. It is recognized as a regional centre of biodiversity, with spectacular endemic species. 37% of the plant species of Socotra, 90% of the species of reptiles and 95% of the species of land snails are unique to the area. Socotra has a rich cultural heritage, including the unique Soqotri language. Isolated from the rest of the world, traditional land and sea uses remained highly unchanged until the 1970s.

Declaration Date: 2003

Country: Yemen

Surface Area: 2,681,640 ha

Resident population: 44,000 inhabitants

Contact: Ahmed Saeed Sulaiman    qamhem@yahoo.com

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World Network of Island and Coastal Biosphere Reserves The World Network of Island and Coastal Biosphere Reserves was launched in 2009 by UNESCO MAB Programme to foster sustainable development in islands and coastal areas and to promote adaptation and mitigation strategies on climate change. ABOUT
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